>> Temples in Kerala - Eranakulam


Maradu is a census town in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala.
The famous festival in maradu is the "Thalappoli Maholsavam" otherwise known as "Maradu Vedikkettu" of "Marattil Kottaram Baghavathy Kshethram." It is usually on February-March. It is the biggest "Fire Works" in kerala next to "Trissur Pooram." This festival is conduct by 2 committees known as "Vadake Cheruvaram" (North side of the Temple) and "Thekke Cheruvaram" (South side of the Temple).
Other festivals in maradu are the parish feast of St. Mary Magdalene's Church Moothedom, festival of Lord Siva in the Temples Ayani Siva Kshetha and Pandavathu Siva Kshethra, and festival in Netur Juma Masjid Mosque. Nettoor shiva temple comes under this panchayat.


 Shiva Temple

The temple is located on Cross Road in the city. The name Ernakulam is derived from the pond of this temple. The temple pond is known as Rishinagakulam. Probably Rishinaga was softened to Erna and when the kulam (pond) joined to it, the name Ernakulam was born.
The Shiva here is in Virata avatar, that is, primordial hunter posture.
There is 8-day long festival. During the 7th day time pooram (festival) the deity is taken out on caparisoned elephant in procession accompanied by more caparisoned elephants and percussion music such as Panchavadyam and Pandimelam. The finale is marked by fireworks.

 Bhagawathi Temple at Chottanikkara

Chottanikkara is located at 15 km away from Ernakulam and 3 km from Thripunithura. This shrine is one amongst the most reckoned in Kerala. Goddess Rajarajeshwari more commonly known as Bhagawathi is the deity. Many have experienced the power of this deity to cure mental disorders.
There is wide spread belief that Goddess Mookambika of Kollur in coastal Karnataka visits Chottanikkara daily during early morning rituals as she is pleased with the rituals here. The goddess returns to Kollur in time to accept the rituals there. Based on this belief, most of the devotees assemble just before the start of early morning pooja (ritual). During Sabarimala season this temple is overcrowded by pilgrims to Sabarimala.
Kuzhikkavu Bhagawathi, Shiva, Ayyappa and Ganapathy are the sub-deities here.


 Anchumana Temple

This temple is located at Anchumana at Padivattam in Edapally within Kochi Corporation limit.
Sri Bhuvaneswary, Sri Annapoorneswary and Sri Badrakali are the deities presided here with equal importance. Sri Bhuvaneswary, considered as the mother of universe, showers prosperity and protection while Sri Annapoorneswary ensures abundance of wealth and blesses for long happy married life. Sri Bhadrakali is duty-bound to annihilate evil forces.
The sub-deities possessing varying degree and nature of powers have also prominent positions here. Sri Ayyappa, Sri Ganapathy, Sri Subramanya, Sri Guru, Sri Hanuman, Sri Hidumba, Sri Bhrahmarakhas, Sri Khandakarana, Nagadevathas and Arukola are the sub-deities.
Large number of devotees assembles here daily to receive the blessings in return of the offerings. Sundays, Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays are special days to perform particular types of rituals for the benefit of devotees.
The first day of Malayalam month of Chingam (August/September) congregation of large number of devotees noticed to receive blessings for the whole year.
Beginning from the first day of Vrischikam (November/December), Sri Bhuvaneswary visits neighbouring villages for 41 days to enquire about the well-beings of her wards. The wards in return give her Para (a full measure of paddy). The last 5 days of the 41 days are celebrated as Thalappoli Mahotsavam which attracts huge crowd.


 Palluruthy Sri Bhavaneeswara Mahakshetram

The temple is situated at Palluruthy near Kochi. The deity is Shiva.
The consecration was done by the great reformer, Sree Narayana Guru. The temple has a Swarna Dwajam (golden flagmast). Near the temple there is a school established by Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP), founded by Sree Narayana Guru. This school is the second largest school in the State.
There is a 10-day festival in the month of Kumbam (February/March). The festival is a great event. Cultural and entertainment programmes of various nature staged during these days in addition to other usual temple festival programmes. The festival is attended by thousands and thousands of people. Pooyam Mahotsavam is also celebrated on a big scale. Kavadi Ghoshayatra (procession) with dozens of Kavadis is a great crowd pulling event during this Mahotsavam.


 Palluruthy Sree Dhanwanthari Temple

The deity of this temple is Dhanwanthari, the physician of Gods. The idol made of Krishna Sila (black granite stone) is four-handed. The right upper hand holds a Chakra (wheel) and the lower hand holds a Leach between the index finger and the thumb. Other three fingers show upright. The left upper-hand holds a Conch while lower hand holds a Pot with Nector. The sanctum sanctorum of the temple is square-shaped and constructed in Nagara style of architecture.
Dhanwanthari is the incarnation of Vishnu. Gowda Saraswatha Brahmins call it Ayurveda Moorthi. Dhanwanthari is a particular wing of Ayurveda science. Gowda Saraswath Brahmins are very fond of Lord Dhanwanthari and there are many eminent Ayurvedic physicians in Saraswath segment. Babha Sharma Prabhu was a born Ayurvedic physician among them. He was an ardent devotee of Lord Dhanwanthari. One day he had a dream that a sculptor will prepare a granite stone idol of Lord Dhanwanthari and that he should construct a temple and install it so that he can visit and give solace to the ill inflicted. As felt in the dream, one day a sculptor came to Sharma Prabhu who promptly ordered him to carve out an idol of Lord Dhanwanthari and the sculptor did so. Sharma Prabhu constructed a shrine and installed the idol. Daily rituals and worships followed. Soon the region was free from illness, a legend says so.
The Maharaja of Kochi had also experienced the healing power of Lord Dhanwanthari.
In the month of Medam (April/May) there is a 3-day Aarat festival which is celebrated with great fanfare. Dhanwanthari Jayanthi (birth day of Dhanwanthari) is also celebrated on a big scale.
The important offerings to the deity are Devak Deevap, Thailabhishekam, Thulabharam and Satynarayana Pooja.


 Paramara Bhagawathy Temple
The temple is at Paramara , opposite Ernakulam Town Hall. Here the deity Bhagawathy faces north, a rare experience. This temple is also known in two other different names – Parambanar Kulangara Bhagawathy and Paramara Grandma.
Shiva, Ganapathy, Brahmarakshas, Nagayakshi and Alunkal Bhagawathy are also accommodated here as sub-deities.
There is a legend behind this temple. A Brahmin from far away place reached Parambanar Kulangara. He had a practice of carrying an idol of a goddess for worship wherever he goes. He kept the idol at Parambanar Kulangara for worship. No sooner the worship is over than he ventured to lift the idol. The idol was stabilized and could not lift. The locals heard of this and they immediately raised a temple there. The temple gradually became famous and came to be known as Paramara Bhagawathy temple.
Paramara Bhagawathy possesses various powers to the welfare of devotees. Cheranallur Kunchu Kartha, the erstwhile ruler of Cheranallur province, and his family and relatives treated Paramara Bhagawathy as their household deity. Kunchu Kartha was so eminent that Kottarathil Sankunni, a wellknown poet of the time, who penned ‘Aithihyamala’ (great poems about history) has devoted an entire chapter of it to Kunchu Kartha.
The annual festival is in the month of Kumbam (February/March). Vela, Padayani, Garudan Thookkam are some functions among other entertaining functions during the festival.


 Sree Cochin Swetambar Murtipujak Jain Temple

The temple is located on Gujarati Road in Kochi city. The deity is Bhagawan Shri Dharmanath.
Jain community was migrated to Kerala from Katch and Saurashtra of Gujarat State for business. Sree Dharmanath Jainalay was constructed by Smt Hirubai Jivaraj Dhanji as a memorial to her late husband Sri Jivaraj Dhanji. This memorial was gifted to the Jain Sangh, the association of Jains in Kochi. The Sangh administers Murtipujak Jain Temple.
Jains are god-fearing and vegetarians to the core. If they commit any sins knowingly or unknowingly they have no hesitation to admit and seek forgiveness. The preachings of Jainism is tolerance and forgiveness. Their shrines are open to all communities and they whole-heartedly mingle with cultural and festival activities of other communities. Jainism is rooted on Ahimsa (non-violence), Sayyam (self-control) and Tapa (penance).
Jainism believes there are 8.4 million types of lives in the universe and Jainism forbids violence in thought and deed.
Kochi’s Jain temple is nearing 100 years and on completion Kochi will be known as Jain Tirth amongst Jains which will bestow a prominent position for Kochi amongst Jains all over India.


 Sree Narayaneswaram Temple

The temple is located on Poonurunni-Vytila Road. The presiding deity is Goshala Gopalakrishnan who faces west. Subramanian facing east is a sub-deity. Shiva, also known as Dhakshninamoorthy, facing south and Parvathi facing north are also sub-deities. Other gods accommodated as sub-deities are Ganapathy, Ayyappan, Sribhoothanagayakshi and Hindumban. Gosala Gopalakrishnan, Shiva, Parvathi and Subramanian are housed in a same sanctum sanctorum.
Palpayasam(milk kheer) is the main offering to the presiding deity.
All the idols are made of Panchaloha (five metals). The temple was raised at the instance of Sree Narayana Guru and there is a magnificent altar for Sree Narayana Guru.
The festival of the temple is in Kumbam (February/March) which prolongs to 7 days. Multi-pronged cultural programmes, folk dances, performing arts, Kavadi procession are some among many programmes. Massive day-time fireworks add gaiety to the festival.


 Vasudevapuram Sree Mahavishnu Temple

The temple is located at South Aduvassery in Aluva, about 20-km from Ernakulam. The deity is Vishnu. Wherever Vishnu is there, Mahalaxmi is also there in idol-less form to serve him, devotees firmly believe. Here the presence of Mahalaxmi is more felt, the devotees testify. The consecration of the temple was done by Parasuraman, the legend creator of Kerala.
There is a great legend. After consecration Parasuraman entrusted the temple responsibilities to the Brahmins of the area. The Brahmins suddenly rose to prosperity. Soon their interest in the temple diminished, causing interruptions in the day to day rituals. As a retaliation, a great punch to their wealth followed. Ignorance in the shrine activities caused fading of glory and fame of the temple.. During this time Vilwamangalam Swamikal, the great Vedic exponent, visited the temple when Mahalaxmi was in the service of Vishnu. As Vilwamangalam has the godly power to see and talk to the gods, goddesses and devils he brought to the attention of Mahalaxmi the poverty state of the people around and the loss of fame to the shrine. She said the temple administrators and the people in the region are not conducting proper rituals and hence she is busy serving the Lord and has no time to visit the people and look after their interest. Vilwamangalam replied that if people’s well-being is not guarded they will turn atheists and persuaded her to deliver prosperity to the people and guard their interests. She agreed and said that she will be in the shrine for 8 days in a year, starting from Akshaya Tridiya in the month of Vrischika. On these 8 days she is being worshipped in 8 forms - Veeralaxmi, Gajalaxmi, Santhanalaxmi, Vijayalaxmi, Dhanyalaxmi, Adilaxmi, Dhanalaxmi and Mahalaxmi.
The ritual of Thambula Samarpanam came into being in the temple after the face to face talk by Vilwamangalam. Betel leaves, arecanut along with money (a token amount) is placed before the deity which is called Thambula (betelnut, arecanut and token money) Samarpanam (placing).
Mahalaxmi is supposed to be the possessor of wealth. She is prayed mainly for prosperity.
Yet another important offering is Rice and Turmeric Para (a full measure). Rice Para offered to Vishnu for gaining prosperity whereas Turmeric Para is offered to Mahalaxmi for long and happy married life.


 Veluthattu Vadakkan Chowva Bhagawathy Temple

The temple is located at Kedamangalam, near North Parur. The deity is Bhagawathy.
Here the Bhagawathy is worshipped in different forms – Saraswathy, Parvathi, Sree Durga, Sreelaxmi, Ashtaiswarya Dayini and Bhadrakali. The history says that this Bhagawathy is the family deity of a Nair family of Malabar who brought it here when they settled here. This was about 800 years ago.
The deity is seen here with enough ornaments and garlands. If she is pleased, she will shower enough favours on the devotees. The worship during Deeparadhana (worship by light) with Kanikya (gift of money) results in immediate favours, the experienced testify. The devotees therefore troops in en-masse during Deeparadhana which is performed in the evening.
Pushpanjali (floral offering) is the main offering. There are different types of Pushpanjalis for fulfillment of different types of wishes. Swayamvara Pushpanjali is meant for good marriage alliance. Shatrusamhara Pushpanjali is for nullifying enemy’s ill-doings. Purushasookta Pushpanjali for childbearing, Trayambakasookta Pushpanjali for good health, Aikyamatyasookta Pushpanjali for amity and the list goes on.
The temple has various sub-deities. Velluthat Amma, Vettekaran Swamy, Kolladikote Neeli Bhagawathy, Vellayam Bhagawathy, Dharmasastha and Navagrahas. All these are within the compound wall. Durga Bhagawathy, Nagaraja, Nagas, Rakshas couples and Muthappan (who faces the temple) are outside the compound wall.
There is Ratholsvam during the annual festival which conducted on April 9.