>> Temples in
Kerala - Eranakulam
Maradu is a census town in Ernakulam
district in the Indian state of Kerala.
The famous festival in maradu is the "Thalappoli Maholsavam" otherwise known
as "Maradu Vedikkettu" of "Marattil Kottaram Baghavathy Kshethram." It is
usually on February-March. It is the biggest "Fire Works" in kerala next to
"Trissur Pooram." This festival is conduct by 2 committees known as "Vadake
Cheruvaram" (North side of the Temple) and "Thekke Cheruvaram" (South side
of the Temple).
Other festivals in maradu are the parish feast of St. Mary Magdalene's
Church Moothedom, festival of Lord Siva in the Temples Ayani Siva Kshetha
and Pandavathu Siva Kshethra, and festival in Netur Juma Masjid Mosque.
Nettoor shiva temple comes under this panchayat.
The temple is located on Cross Road in the
city. The name Ernakulam is derived from the pond of this temple. The temple
pond is known as Rishinagakulam. Probably Rishinaga was softened to Erna and
when the kulam (pond) joined to it, the name Ernakulam was born.
The Shiva here is in Virata avatar, that is, primordial hunter posture.
There is 8-day long festival. During the 7th day time pooram (festival) the
deity is taken out on caparisoned elephant in procession accompanied by more
caparisoned elephants and percussion music such as Panchavadyam and
Pandimelam. The finale is marked by fireworks.
Bhagawathi Temple at Chottanikkara
Chottanikkara is located at 15 km away
from Ernakulam and 3 km from Thripunithura. This shrine is one amongst the
most reckoned in Kerala. Goddess Rajarajeshwari more commonly known as
Bhagawathi is the deity. Many have experienced the power of this deity to
cure mental disorders.
There is wide spread belief that Goddess Mookambika of Kollur in coastal
Karnataka visits Chottanikkara daily during early morning rituals as she is
pleased with the rituals here. The goddess returns to Kollur in time to
accept the rituals there. Based on this belief, most of the devotees
assemble just before the start of early morning pooja (ritual). During
Sabarimala season this temple is overcrowded by pilgrims to Sabarimala.
Kuzhikkavu Bhagawathi, Shiva, Ayyappa and Ganapathy are the sub-deities
This temple is located at Anchumana at
Padivattam in Edapally within Kochi Corporation limit.
Sri Bhuvaneswary, Sri Annapoorneswary and Sri Badrakali are the deities
presided here with equal importance. Sri Bhuvaneswary, considered as the
mother of universe, showers prosperity and protection while Sri
Annapoorneswary ensures abundance of wealth and blesses for long happy
married life. Sri Bhadrakali is duty-bound to annihilate evil forces.
The sub-deities possessing varying degree and nature of powers have also
prominent positions here. Sri Ayyappa, Sri Ganapathy, Sri Subramanya, Sri
Guru, Sri Hanuman, Sri Hidumba, Sri Bhrahmarakhas, Sri Khandakarana,
Nagadevathas and Arukola are the sub-deities.
Large number of devotees assembles here daily to receive the blessings in
return of the offerings. Sundays, Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays are special
days to perform particular types of rituals for the benefit of devotees.
The first day of Malayalam month of Chingam (August/September) congregation
of large number of devotees noticed to receive blessings for the whole year.
Beginning from the first day of Vrischikam (November/December), Sri
Bhuvaneswary visits neighbouring villages for 41 days to enquire about the
well-beings of her wards. The wards in return give her Para (a full measure
of paddy). The last 5 days of the 41 days are celebrated as Thalappoli
Mahotsavam which attracts huge crowd.
Sri Bhavaneeswara Mahakshetram
The temple is situated at Palluruthy near
Kochi. The deity is Shiva.
The consecration was done by the great reformer, Sree Narayana Guru. The
temple has a Swarna Dwajam (golden flagmast). Near the temple there is a
school established by Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP), founded
by Sree Narayana Guru. This school is the second largest school in the
There is a 10-day festival in the month of Kumbam (February/March). The
festival is a great event. Cultural and entertainment programmes of various
nature staged during these days in addition to other usual temple festival
programmes. The festival is attended by thousands and thousands of people.
Pooyam Mahotsavam is also celebrated on a big scale. Kavadi Ghoshayatra
(procession) with dozens of Kavadis is a great crowd pulling event during
Sree Dhanwanthari Temple
The deity of this temple is Dhanwanthari,
the physician of Gods. The idol made of Krishna Sila (black granite stone)
is four-handed. The right upper hand holds a Chakra (wheel) and the lower
hand holds a Leach between the index finger and the thumb. Other three
fingers show upright. The left upper-hand holds a Conch while lower hand
holds a Pot with Nector. The sanctum sanctorum of the temple is
square-shaped and constructed in Nagara style of architecture.
Dhanwanthari is the incarnation of Vishnu. Gowda Saraswatha Brahmins call it
Ayurveda Moorthi. Dhanwanthari is a particular wing of Ayurveda science.
Gowda Saraswath Brahmins are very fond of Lord Dhanwanthari and there are
many eminent Ayurvedic physicians in Saraswath segment. Babha Sharma Prabhu
was a born Ayurvedic physician among them. He was an ardent devotee of Lord
Dhanwanthari. One day he had a dream that a sculptor will prepare a granite
stone idol of Lord Dhanwanthari and that he should construct a temple and
install it so that he can visit and give solace to the ill inflicted. As
felt in the dream, one day a sculptor came to Sharma Prabhu who promptly
ordered him to carve out an idol of Lord Dhanwanthari and the sculptor did
so. Sharma Prabhu constructed a shrine and installed the idol. Daily rituals
and worships followed. Soon the region was free from illness, a legend says
The Maharaja of Kochi had also experienced the healing power of Lord
In the month of Medam (April/May) there is a 3-day Aarat festival which is
celebrated with great fanfare. Dhanwanthari Jayanthi (birth day of
Dhanwanthari) is also celebrated on a big scale.
The important offerings to the deity are Devak Deevap, Thailabhishekam,
Thulabharam and Satynarayana Pooja.
Paramara Bhagawathy Temple
The temple is at Paramara , opposite Ernakulam Town Hall.
Here the deity Bhagawathy faces north, a rare experience. This temple is
also known in two other different names – Parambanar Kulangara Bhagawathy
and Paramara Grandma.
Shiva, Ganapathy, Brahmarakshas, Nagayakshi and Alunkal Bhagawathy are also
accommodated here as sub-deities.
There is a legend behind this temple. A Brahmin from far away place reached
Parambanar Kulangara. He had a practice of carrying an idol of a goddess for
worship wherever he goes. He kept the idol at Parambanar Kulangara for
worship. No sooner the worship is over than he ventured to lift the idol.
The idol was stabilized and could not lift. The locals heard of this and
they immediately raised a temple there. The temple gradually became famous
and came to be known as Paramara Bhagawathy temple.
Paramara Bhagawathy possesses various powers to the welfare of devotees.
Cheranallur Kunchu Kartha, the erstwhile ruler of Cheranallur province, and
his family and relatives treated Paramara Bhagawathy as their household
deity. Kunchu Kartha was so eminent that Kottarathil Sankunni, a wellknown
poet of the time, who penned ‘Aithihyamala’ (great poems about history) has
devoted an entire chapter of it to Kunchu Kartha.
The annual festival is in the month of Kumbam (February/March). Vela,
Padayani, Garudan Thookkam are some functions among other entertaining
functions during the festival.
Sree Cochin Swetambar Murtipujak Jain
The temple is located on Gujarati Road in
Kochi city. The deity is Bhagawan Shri Dharmanath.
Jain community was migrated to Kerala from Katch and Saurashtra of Gujarat
State for business. Sree Dharmanath Jainalay was constructed by Smt Hirubai
Jivaraj Dhanji as a memorial to her late husband Sri Jivaraj Dhanji. This
memorial was gifted to the Jain Sangh, the association of Jains in Kochi.
The Sangh administers Murtipujak Jain Temple.
Jains are god-fearing and vegetarians to the core. If they commit any sins
knowingly or unknowingly they have no hesitation to admit and seek
forgiveness. The preachings of Jainism is tolerance and forgiveness. Their
shrines are open to all communities and they whole-heartedly mingle with
cultural and festival activities of other communities. Jainism is rooted on
Ahimsa (non-violence), Sayyam (self-control) and Tapa (penance).
Jainism believes there are 8.4 million types of lives in the universe and
Jainism forbids violence in thought and deed.
Kochi’s Jain temple is nearing 100 years and on completion Kochi will be
known as Jain Tirth amongst Jains which will bestow a prominent position for
Kochi amongst Jains all over India.
The temple is located on Poonurunni-Vytila
Road. The presiding deity is Goshala Gopalakrishnan who faces west.
Subramanian facing east is a sub-deity. Shiva, also known as
Dhakshninamoorthy, facing south and Parvathi facing north are also
sub-deities. Other gods accommodated as sub-deities are Ganapathy, Ayyappan,
Sribhoothanagayakshi and Hindumban. Gosala Gopalakrishnan, Shiva, Parvathi
and Subramanian are housed in a same sanctum sanctorum.
Palpayasam(milk kheer) is the main offering to the presiding deity.
All the idols are made of Panchaloha (five metals). The temple was raised at
the instance of Sree Narayana Guru and there is a magnificent altar for Sree
The festival of the temple is in Kumbam (February/March) which prolongs to 7
days. Multi-pronged cultural programmes, folk dances, performing arts,
Kavadi procession are some among many programmes. Massive day-time fireworks
add gaiety to the festival.
Sree Mahavishnu Temple
The temple is located at South Aduvassery
in Aluva, about 20-km from Ernakulam. The deity is Vishnu. Wherever Vishnu
is there, Mahalaxmi is also there in idol-less form to serve him, devotees
firmly believe. Here the presence of Mahalaxmi is more felt, the devotees
testify. The consecration of the temple was done by Parasuraman, the legend
creator of Kerala.
There is a great legend. After consecration Parasuraman entrusted the temple
responsibilities to the Brahmins of the area. The Brahmins suddenly rose to
prosperity. Soon their interest in the temple diminished, causing
interruptions in the day to day rituals. As a retaliation, a great punch to
their wealth followed. Ignorance in the shrine activities caused fading of
glory and fame of the temple.. During this time Vilwamangalam Swamikal, the
great Vedic exponent, visited the temple when Mahalaxmi was in the service
of Vishnu. As Vilwamangalam has the godly power to see and talk to the gods,
goddesses and devils he brought to the attention of Mahalaxmi the poverty
state of the people around and the loss of fame to the shrine. She said the
temple administrators and the people in the region are not conducting proper
rituals and hence she is busy serving the Lord and has no time to visit the
people and look after their interest. Vilwamangalam replied that if people’s
well-being is not guarded they will turn atheists and persuaded her to
deliver prosperity to the people and guard their interests. She agreed and
said that she will be in the shrine for 8 days in a year, starting from
Akshaya Tridiya in the month of Vrischika. On these 8 days she is being
worshipped in 8 forms - Veeralaxmi, Gajalaxmi, Santhanalaxmi, Vijayalaxmi,
Dhanyalaxmi, Adilaxmi, Dhanalaxmi and Mahalaxmi.
The ritual of Thambula Samarpanam came into being in the temple after the
face to face talk by Vilwamangalam. Betel leaves, arecanut along with money
(a token amount) is placed before the deity which is called Thambula (betelnut,
arecanut and token money) Samarpanam (placing).
Mahalaxmi is supposed to be the possessor of wealth. She is prayed mainly
Yet another important offering is Rice and Turmeric Para (a full measure).
Rice Para offered to Vishnu for gaining prosperity whereas Turmeric Para is
offered to Mahalaxmi for long and happy married life.
Veluthattu Vadakkan Chowva Bhagawathy
The temple is located at Kedamangalam,
near North Parur. The deity is Bhagawathy.
Here the Bhagawathy is worshipped in different forms – Saraswathy, Parvathi,
Sree Durga, Sreelaxmi, Ashtaiswarya Dayini and Bhadrakali. The history says
that this Bhagawathy is the family deity of a Nair family of Malabar who
brought it here when they settled here. This was about 800 years ago.
The deity is seen here with enough ornaments and garlands. If she is
pleased, she will shower enough favours on the devotees. The worship during
Deeparadhana (worship by light) with Kanikya (gift of money) results in
immediate favours, the experienced testify. The devotees therefore troops in
en-masse during Deeparadhana which is performed in the evening.
Pushpanjali (floral offering) is the main offering. There are different
types of Pushpanjalis for fulfillment of different types of wishes.
Swayamvara Pushpanjali is meant for good marriage alliance. Shatrusamhara
Pushpanjali is for nullifying enemy’s ill-doings. Purushasookta Pushpanjali
for childbearing, Trayambakasookta Pushpanjali for good health,
Aikyamatyasookta Pushpanjali for amity and the list goes on.
The temple has various sub-deities. Velluthat Amma, Vettekaran Swamy,
Kolladikote Neeli Bhagawathy, Vellayam Bhagawathy, Dharmasastha and
Navagrahas. All these are within the compound wall. Durga Bhagawathy,
Nagaraja, Nagas, Rakshas couples and Muthappan (who faces the temple) are
outside the compound wall.
There is Ratholsvam during the annual festival which conducted on April 9.